There are two major kind of strains of cannabis: Indica and Sativa. Both have their own effects and are for different purposes, so it is important to know the difference. By choosing the right strain or combination of strains you can know beforehand how the strain will affect you.
The properties of the Indica strain
An Indica strain is a small plant, that is shorter and more bushy in nature than its cousin, the Sativa strain. The growth cycle of an Indica strain is pretty short and they have a relatively high yield, making them ideal for indoors cultivation. Chemically speaking Sativa and Indica are also different, with both having a different composition of the cannabinoid content. Other chemical compounds such as terpenes and flavonoids also differ, which means that consuming an Indica strain can be wildly different from consuming a Sativa strain. A major contributing factor is the fact that Sativa strains usually have a higher THC content and a lower CBD content, whereas Indica strains have a higher CBD content and a lower THC content. This means consuming Indica strains comes with a strong psychoactive effect, which is most commonly wanted by patients looking at medical marijuana to treat their medical conditions. Do however note that due to current breeding techniques both Indica and Sativa strains can be made with varying THC and CBD contents. You should always be aware of the THC and CBD content before consuming a specific cannabis strain to prevent any unwanted surprises. A good rule of thumb to keep in mind is that Indica works on the body, but much more is possible nowadays and you should always pay attention.
The effects of Indica
Indica strains are most often used by those who are looking for a mellow psychoactive high, that spreads trough your entire body and makes you numb. These sedative effects are also great for those looking at medical marijuana to treat chronic pain and other conditions, such as anxiety, insomnia or anorexia. Consuming Indica has a profound effect on every part of your body, while keeping your mind relatively sharp, due to its low THC content. There are multiple well known Indica strains, such as Granddaddy Purple and Girl Scout Cookies. Both consist for large parts of an Indica strain, mixed with some Sativa strain. Finding pure Indica strains is of course possible, but you should know that for optimal effects breeders will cross-breed the Indica and Sativa strains, creating hybrids with the right properties. We would therefore recommend you keep an open mind and look for the effects you want, and not specifically for an 100% Indica strain.